Watch this JMS Presentation on Belt Conveyor System basics. Greg Hyde, Product Manager | Material Handling from JMS, talks about the basics of a belt conveyor, what types of belt conveyors are used and why, and the JMS standards for belt conveyors.

Pros of a Belt Conveyor

A belt conveyor receives product on an inlet or impact area. The material remains static on the belt as the belt itself moves and conveys the material to the discharge point, unlike screw conveyors where the material is mixing and turning while the screw conveys the material. This screw conveyor mixing action can lead to some material property changes and issues down the line in the plant. In these cases a belt conveyor would be used due to the product not being disturbed as it is conveys. Also, a belt conveyor can have almost unlimited length and low energy consumption compared to a screw conveyor.

Cons of a Belt Conveyor

Belt conveyors are harder to enclose compared to a screw conveyor. This can be even more difficult if a belt conveyor needs to be covered for odor control.  A belt conveyor also require more cleaning than a screw conveyor does.

Types of Belt Conveyors

There are two main types of belt conveyors used; trough a belt conveyor and  a sidewall belt conveyor.

A trough belt conveyor is the most common type of conveyor and most cost effective. It uses a flat belt that has idlers that trough the belt. This type of belt conveyor is typically used in longer conveyors due to price savings. A trough belt also can have multiple drop points with the use of belt plows.

A sidewall belt conveyor is a flat belt with corrugated side wall to help keep material in while conveying. This type of conveyor is used mainly in tighter applications or on a belt conveyor that has a steeper elevation and needs multiple planes.

Watch the JMS presentation on belt conveyor basics to learn more about:

  • Selection and details on a toughed belt conveyor
  • Selection and details on a sidewall belt conveyor
  • JMS standards for a belt conveyor
  • Competition for conveyors
  • And more